With the effects of global warming and climate change becoming ever more visible, many consumers are becoming increasingly conscious about the kind of energy they use and how much of it they consume. Many people are now aware of the harmful effects our day-to-day activities have on the environment.
The world is slowly shifting away from coal and other dirty sources and embracing cleaner sources of energy like solar, wind and geothermal. The world is going green, with technology playing a huge role that even media houses like themonitordaily.com have substituted the newspaper for online news website.
As a consumer, you can take the following steps to save energy at home and benefit from lower utility bills.
Our lighting fixtures take up a lot of energy. To reduce their consumption, you should replace your incandescent bulbs with LED bulbs which are brighter but consume significantly less power and don’t generate as much heat which also saves you a lot on cooling bills. Your ordinary bulb is rated at least 40W, whereas energy-saving LED bulbs can produce the same illumination at 5W rating.
Open the curtains to let in sunshine and switch off the lights during daylight and at night when there is no one using them, and regularly dust your lighting fixtures to allow them to emit maximum brightness.
Additionally, you can install motion and presence sensors to turn on your lights (security lights included) when they detect someone’s presence in the room or compound.
Air conditioners consume a lot of power and can have a rating of up to 1.2kW meaning you use 1.2 kWh for every hour of operation. Instead of this costly installations, you can instead have ceiling fans which use less than half of that power and keep your windows and doors open during the day for proper ventilation.
Keep your doors and windows shut during winter to retain some warmth inside the house and cut down on your heating bills.
For water heating, it is better to install an auxiliary solar water heating system to take advantage of the sun to heat water for your domestic use. If you must use electricity for water heating, insulate your pipes and water tanks properly to prevent heat loss and therefore more energy needed to heat a given amount of water.
For small amounts of water, use an electric kettle instead.
If you use a washing machine for your laundry, choose an energy efficient model and always run it on full load to save energy from continuous operation. Unless it is absolutely necessary to use hot water, always rinse your clothes with cold water.
When ironing, start with clothes requiring low temperature and progress to those requiring high temperature. You will save a lot of energy when you iron your clothes in a bunch to save energy and remember to switch off the iron box when not in use.
Remember to switch off and unplug appliances that are not being used. Electrical appliances still draw in some power when put on standby mode and it would be better if you switched them off completely or unplugged them from the power supply.